Benefits Of Fertilizers To The Soils
Aeration is the process of puncturing ,perforating ,creating small holes through the soils which enhances better penetration of oxygen, water and nutrients in the soil which improves plants growth.
These are synthetic or natural material added to the soil to increase yielding of plants and does this by improving aeration and water retention to the soil. And can be added to the soil to the plants or just part of the plant.
Fertilizers increase the ability of soils to produce maximum, give healthy and products quality and this can be achieved through aeration and good water retention and it’s done through adjustment of the soils composition.
Different nutrients have different purposes on the plants ,potassium gives strong growth, promotes flowering ;nitrogen gives plants better leaf growth while phosphorus enables in root ,flower and seed development.
Application of fertilizers is essential to all plants but differs due to some actors, they include the type of plants and soil too, Some plants like legumes do not need nitrogenous fertilizers as they can naturally fix their own from the atmosphere.
For higher yielding and productions, aeration of the soil and application of fertilizers should be the first priority as they increase plants and root growth; supply of oxygen to the roots and removal of carbon dioxide is very essential for healthy plant growth. Because of inadequate oxygen supply in the soils, plants may retard or completely die when carbon dioxide accumulates fully.
The rate of microbial activity in the soil is determined by how well the soil is aerated as these microorganism require oxygen as they are still living things.
Gases like carbon dioxide ,hydrogen sulphide gases and ferrous oxides are very toxic to the microorganism and if they mount on the crop might end up killing both of them or affecting flowering.
Crops need fertilizers for faster seed development and even the green color for photosynthesis which determines the type of yields the plant will give.
Strengthening of straws and stalks by nutrients like potassium will help the plants to hold water in cases of drought or lack of water to the plants.
Fertilizers improve soils fertility and texture which boots crop growth and this is best done by natural ones like manure which eradicate soil problems as they are non-toxic
Application of natural or synthetically made manures put the soil in long-term benefit as soil can last long being aerated and supporting microbial activities in the soil and next farming season one may not be forced to apply any but still get the best results.